Ancient City of Damascus
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The old city which is one of the oldest continuously inhabited cities in the world,  contains numerous archaeological sites, including some historical churches and mosques. Many cultures have left their mark, especially Hellenistic, Roman, Byzantine and Islamic.
Lying on the south bank of Barada Riverthe ancient city was founded in the 3rd millennium B. The horizontal diameter of the oval is about 1.
With an approximate area of The first mentioning of Damascus was as "Ta-ms-qu" in the second millennium BC, it was situated in an Amorite region in the middle of a conflict zone between the Hittites and Egyptians. The city exercised tributary until the emergence of the Sea Peoples in BC whose raids helped in weakening the arch rivals.
Damascus has a wealth of historical sites dating back to many different periods of the city's history. Since the city has been built up with every passing occupation, it has become almost impossible to excavate all the ruins of Damascus that lie up to 2. The Citadel of Damascus is located in the northwest corner of the Old City. The Damascus Straight Street referred to in the conversion of St.
Paul in Actsalso known as the Via Rectawas the decumanus east—west main street of Roman Damascus, and extended for over 1, m 4, ft. What to do in damascus syria Gate. At the end of the Bab Sharqi street, one reaches the House of Ananiasan underground chapel that was the cellar of Ananias 's house. The Umayyad Mosquealso known as the Grand Mosque of Damascus, is one of the largest mosques in the world and also one of the oldest sites of continuous prayer since the rise of Islam.
A shrine in the mosque is said to contain the body of St. John the Baptist. The mausoleum where Saladin was buried is located in the gardens just outside the mosque. Sayyidah Ruqayya Mosquethe shrine of the youngest daughter of Husayn ibn Alican also be found near the Umayyad Mosque. The ancient district of Amara is also within a walking distance from these sites.
Another heavily visited site is Sayyidah Zaynab Mosquewhere the tomb of Zaynab bint Ali is located. The old part of the city is surrounded with 4. These are, clockwise from the north-east side:. In his book, Ibn 'Asakir named 77 of baths working at that time within the city. The number of these baths increased to during the Ottoman era, then decreased drastically to reach 60 baths in the late nineteenth century AD. Today, however, the number of baths in full operation is barely 20, the most famous of them is the "Nour al-Din al-Shahid" bath in the Al-Buzuriyah Souq.
Due to the rapid decline of the population of Old Damascus between and about 30, people moved out of the old city for more modern accommodation a growing number of buildings are being abandoned or are falling into disrepair. In Marchthe local government announced that it would be demolishing Old City buildings along a 1, m 4, ft stretch of rampart walls as part of a redevelopment scheme.
In OctoberGlobal Heritage Fund named Damascus one of 12 cultural heritage sites most "on the verge" of irreparable loss and destruction. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Location of Ancient City of Damascus in Syria.
See also: List of rulers of Damascus. Asia portal. Berkeley, California: University of California Press. ISBN Retrieved 29 October Damascus: A History. Archived from the original on Retrieved Los Angeles Times. ISSN Huffington Post. The San Diego Union-Tribune. The Associated Press. Retrieved 13 August World Monuments Fund. Archived from the original PDF on 20 March Retrieved 27 July Archived from the original PDF on What a girl wants film watch online 13, Retrieved 3 September The British Syrian Society.
Retrieved 29 May Archived from the original on 30 September Retrieved 6 November Global What to do in damascus syria How to read magnetic stripe card. Archived from the original on 15 May Retrieved 1 June World Heritage Sites in Syria. Mariamite Cathedral. Cathedral of Saint George. Namespaces Article Talk. Views Read Edit View history.
Help Learn to edit Community portal Recent changes How to get into webkinz with a expired account file. Download as PDF Printable version. Wikimedia Commons. DamascusSyria. Wikimedia Commons has media related to Ancient City what causes cloudy eyes in fish Damascus.
Jun 01, · Just like before the war, there is plenty to see in Old Damascus – The Umayyad Mosque, the 4th holiest place in Islam, take a walk around The Souq al-Hamidiyya (old market), visit The Damascus Citadel or just get lost in the narrow streets filled with a century after century with history. Umayyad Mosque, the 4th holiest place in Islam.
Just off the street are the grand Damascene houses of the Christian Quarter, now often turned into bars and restaurants. At the end is the Roman gate of Bab Sharqi, and nearby the underground Chapel of St Ananias, where it is believed that Ananias sheltered St Paul after his blinding conversion. St Paul's Chapel marks the spot where St Paul was lowered over the city walls to escape his Roman persecutors. Located within the old city walls, Souk al-Hamidiyeh is Damascus's most famous souk market.
Built in stages during the Ottoman era - the eastern section in and the western section in - the souk has undergone numerous renovations, but it retains its old-world charm. You can find traditional Syrian silver and gold jewellery, and intricately carved wooden furniture.
Be prepared to bargain. Some 5km 3 miles of walls surround the well-preserved medieval city of Damascus, with the Great Umayyad Mosque at its heart. The museum has many treasures from Syria's amazing archaeological sites. Highlights include the sculpture and jewellery from Palmyra, the second-century interior of the Dura Europos synagogue, the world's first alphabet on the Ugarit tablets and the eerie priest statues of Mari.
The splendid early eighth-century Umayyad Mosque was built on a site that has been sacred for thousands of years. It has been an Aramaic temple, a Roman temple and a Byzantine cathedral. The shrine, said to contain St John the Baptist's head, is still an important pilgrimage spot, as is the tomb of Salah ad-Din Saladin just outside the courtyard.
More than 12, workmen helped to create the superb golden mosaics that once surrounded the entire courtyard, but only the Paradise Panel is left, representing paradise, or Damascus itself. This exquisite mosque was commissioned by the Ottoman Sultan Sulayman the Magnificent and built by his master architect Sinan in a mixed Turkish and Syrian style.
Next door is a tekke or monastery, now strangely filled with army planes from the Army Museum, and the Selimiye Madrasa, a centre for traditional crafts. The Maristan Nur ad-Din, a 12th-century lunatic asylum, was used until the 19th century.
Patients were soothed by music and the splashing waters of fountains. Now an interesting museum of medicine, it shows just how advanced the Arabs were on that front.
One of the most beautiful palaces of the old city, the 18th-century palace of the Ottoman governor Assad Pasha al-Azem has several rooms illustrating traditional crafts and culture.
The Four Seasons Hotel is the top hotel in town, and with 23 storeys it has become a landmark on the Damascus skyline. Set in a landscaped park, opposite the National Museum, it is only a short walk from the old city. The rooms are sumptuously decorated and have great views over Damascus and the Barada River.
The Cham Palace, located right in the heart of the city, is one of the oldest luxury hotels in Damascus. The rooms command great views over the city and Mount Qassioun and the lobby is a popular meeting point for Syrian businessmen.
Centrally located, Omayad Hote Damascus is a popular four-star business hotel in Damascus. The hotel has a grand lobby and spacious soundproofed rooms with air conditioning, satellite TV and a free Wi-Fi internet connection. It is advisable to book ahead. Damascus's first boutique hotel is in a grand 17th-century city house, built around a central courtyard with fragrant citrus trees and a fountain.
The eight luxurious bedrooms are each decorated in a particular style reflecting a period of history and using traditional Syrian furniture and crafts. Beit Rumman is a recent addition to Damascus's burgeoning boutique hotel scene.
Located in Bab Touma, Beit Rumman is a converted, 17th-century house complete with its own cellar and courtyard. It offers six bedrooms, each uniquely decorated. Damascus Weather. Local time Damascus. Introducing Damascus. Plan your trip. Travel to Damascus Hotels. Syrian Arab Republic Information. Book your flights. Souk al-Hamidiyeh Located within the old city walls, Souk al-Hamidiyeh is Damascus's most famous souk market. The Old City Some 5km 3 miles of walls surround the well-preserved medieval city of Damascus, with the Great Umayyad Mosque at its heart.
The National Museum The museum has many treasures from Syria's amazing archaeological sites. The Great Umayyad Mosque The splendid early eighth-century Umayyad Mosque was built on a site that has been sacred for thousands of years.
Tekkiye as-Sulaymaniyye This exquisite mosque was commissioned by the Ottoman Sultan Sulayman the Magnificent and built by his master architect Sinan in a mixed Turkish and Syrian style. Azem Palace One of the most beautiful palaces of the old city, the 18th-century palace of the Ottoman governor Assad Pasha al-Azem has several rooms illustrating traditional crafts and culture.
Book Accommodation. Cham Palace The Cham Palace, located right in the heart of the city, is one of the oldest luxury hotels in Damascus. Beit al-Mamlouka Damascus's first boutique hotel is in a grand 17th-century city house, built around a central courtyard with fragrant citrus trees and a fountain.
Beit Rumman Beit Rumman is a recent addition to Damascus's burgeoning boutique hotel scene. All rights reserved