Are irregular periods normal? 10 common causes and when to see a doctor
Some women have irregular or missed periods for up to six months after discontinuing birth control pills. This is an important consideration when you are planning on conception and becoming pregnant. Women who take birth control pills that contain progestin only may have bleeding between periods. Uterine polyps or fibroids. Uterine polyps are small benign (noncancerous) growths in the lining of the uterus. 13 minutes ago · Irregular periods include a shorter or longer cycle than normal, missed periods, and heavier flows. Common causes of irregular periods include stress, certain medications, birth control, and PCOS. If there are irregularities in your cycle, go to a doctor as it could be an underlying condition.
Irregular menstruation is a menstrual disorder whose manifestations include irregular cycle lengths as well as metrorrhagia vaginal bleeding between expected periods. Irregular cycles or irregular periods is an abnormal variation in length of menstrual menatrual. An individual usually experiences cycle length variations of up to eight days between the shortest and longest cycle lengths.
Lengths ranging between eight and 20 days are considered moderately irregular. Alternatively, a single menstruation cycle may be defined as irregular if it is less than 24 days or more than 38 days. Additionally, irregular menstruation is common in adolescence.
From Wikipedia, what are some puerto rican foods free encyclopedia. Medical condition. The Art of Natural Family Planning 4th ed. ISBN Retrieved American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists. Retrieved 5 July The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism.
Human Biology. JSTOR International Journal of Fertility. Major Problems in Obstetrics and Gynecology. Saunders Co. ICD - 10 : N Menstrual cycle. Menstruation Follicular phase Ovulation Luteal phase. Menarche Menopause. Basal body temperature Cervical mucus Mittelschmerz. Extended cycle combined hormonal contraceptive Lactational amenorrhea. Categories : Menstrual disorders. Hidden categories: Articles with short description Short description matches Wikidata. Namespaces Article Talk.
What is irregular menstrual bleeding Read Edit View history. Help Learn to edit Community portal Recent changes Upload file. Download as PDF Printable bleedint. Change in the flow of menstrual bleeding, Change in the duration if periods, Change in menstrual cycle. Signs Basal body temperature Cervical mucus Mittelschmerz.
Abnormal menstrual bleeding, also called abnormal or irregular periods, is when a woman experiences bleeding that differs from her normal menstrual cycle. In general, menstrual bleeding: Occurs every 28 days Lasts about 5 days. Jul 11, · Any bleeding after menopause, even if it’s spotting, is abnormal and you should see your GP or gynaecologist. One common cause of spotting after menopause is endometrial atrophy. 4 The levels of oestrogen are very low after menopause and, as a result, the womb lining becomes very thin. As the lining thins, abnormal bleeding bothofcosplay.us: Imogen Robinson. Jun 13, · Premature ovarian failure refers to the loss of normal ovarian function before age Women who have premature ovarian failure — also known as primary ovarian insufficiency — might have irregular or occasional periods for years. Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID). This infection of the reproductive organs can cause irregular menstrual bleeding.
Perimenopause is the period of time leading up to the menopause, when the ovaries start to produce less oestrogen. This occurs at variable times in different women. In general, it often starts in women during their 40s, but very occasionally it can start before the age of Perimenopause can last from a few months to 10 years, and lasts an average of 4 years, 1 ending when the menopause occurs — when the ovaries have stopped releasing eggs completely and when a women has gone a year without any menstruation.
During perimenopause there is a rapid decline in oestrogen production, especially in the last two years. The ovaries function erratically and unpredictably, sometimes releasing eggs and sometimes not.
It is at this stage that many women experience the uncomfortable symptoms associated with perimenopause such as hot flushes, breast tenderness, low sex drive, fatigue, vaginal dryness, and mood changes.
These symptoms happen because of the haphazard fluctuation in oestrogen and fall in progesterone. Not all women will experience symptoms, however, because some women have a gradual decline in hormones rather than the erratic fluctuations. During perimenopause, irregular periods are common. This is often normal and is rarely any cause for concern. It is linked to changing hormone levels during the menopausal transition.
As a result there are a variety of different menstrual changes that may occur. Cycles may be shorter than usual or bleeding can be days to weeks late. Periods can be heavier, or lighter, or vary a lot between each cycle. Short menstrual cycles occur when there is a very low oestrogen level compared with progesterone. This is because oestrogen helps cause the womb lining to thicken, so when the levels are low, there is less lining to shed, hence the periods become short or scant.
When there are more fluctuations in oestrogen and progesterone levels with lots of peaks and troughs, periods may be more frequent. When menstrual cycles are prolonged, this is due to high oestrogen levels compared to progesterone levels. If ovulation does not occur, progesterone is not produced, so there is subsequently no sharp drop in progesterone, the trigger for the womb lining to be shed. Therefore you may experience a missed period, only for your period to be particularly heavy when it does arrive.
Towards the end of perimenopause, your periods may be very late and then you may have several skipped periods before they stop altogether. This is due to the gradual decline in oestrogen production by the ovaries. During perimenopause, then, periods may be very unpredictable, and this is very normal. The quantity and frequency of periods can vary so widely during perimenopause that it may be difficult to know if there is anything else underlying.
This condition is caused by bacteria such as chlamydia or gonorrhoea, spread from the vagina or cervix. One common cause of spotting after menopause is endometrial atrophy.
As the lining thins, abnormal bleeding occurs. Another common cause of heavy bleeding after menopause is endometrial hyperplasia, although it can occur during perimenopause. The menstrual cycle may be longer or shorter than usual, and a change in menstruation may be the only symptom of endometrial hyperplasia. This condition occurs when the womb lining is too thick because there is an excess of oestrogen without progesterone. Although it is not cancerous, endometrial hyperplasia can lead to cancer of the uterus in some cases.
If this condition is suspected your GP may refer you for an ultrasound and a tissue sample to be taken of the womb lining. Therefore seek advice from GP if your periods become very heavy, especially if occurring after menopause.
Sometimes small non-cancerous growths in the womb lining, called polyps, may cause abnormal bleeding during perimenopause and after menopause. This bleeding may be excessively heavy, or take the form of bleeding between periods, or after sex.
There are no other associated symptoms. This bleeding occurs because the polyps are very prone to bleeding. Heavy or painful periods associated with lower tummy pain, back pain, frequent peeing, constipation, or pain during sex may be due to fibroids, although many women may have fibroids without any symptoms at all. Fibroids are non-cancerous growths made up of muscle and fibrous tissue found in or around the uterus, and the exact cause is unknown.
Fibroids tend to be less of a problem after menopause because fibroids shrink when oestrogen levels are low. These are just a few common conditions that may cause abnormal bleeding during perimenopause. Always seek advice from your GP if you are particularly concerned about abnormal menstrual bleeding during perimenopause, because it can be difficult to know if it is all due to normal changes.
In particular, it is important to seek medical advice if the bleeding is very heavy, or lasts longer or shorter than normal, and especially if there is bleeding after sex or between periods.
Featured image is of a person standing against a balcony railing, they are resting their right arm on the railing and then leaning their face on their arm. They are looking over the balcony as if lost in thought Last updated June Next update due She then went on to receive basic and specialist medical training within the north west of England.
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