What is Industrial Psychology?
Industrial psychology refers to the practice of applying psychological theories and principles to workplace environments. Industrial psychologists observe and evaluate human behavior and interactions in the workplace and provide guidance and recommendations to improve human and organizational efficiency. Industrial psychology combines the principles of psychology with a methodical investigation of various work settings. Often referred to as industrial-organizational psychology (i/o psychology), this discipline analyzes numerous aspects of the working world and the attitudes of individuals toward their respective careers.
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Industrial-organizational psychology is the branch of psychology that applies psychological theories and principles to organizations. Often referred to as I-O psychology, this field focuses on increasing workplace productivity and related issues such as the physical and mental well-being of employees. Industrial-organizational psychologists perform a wide variety of tasks, including studying worker attitudes and behavior, evaluating companies, and conducting leadership training.
The overall goal of this field is to study and understand human behavior in the workplace. You can think of industrial-organizational psychology as having two major sides. First, there is the industrial side, which involves looking at how to best match individuals to specific job roles. This segment of I-O psychology is also sometimes referred to as personnel psychology.
People who work in this area might assess employee characteristics and then match these individuals to jobs in which they are likely to perform well.
Other functions that fall on the industrial side of I-O psychology include training employees, developing job performance standards, and measuring job performance. The organizational side of psychology is more focused on understanding how organizations affect individual behavior.
Organizational structures, social norms, management styles, and role expectations are all factors that can influence how people behave within an organization. By understanding such factors, I-O psychologists hope to improve individual performance and health while at the same time benefiting the what to do for bad dreams as a whole.
While industrial-organizational psychology is an applied field, basic theoretical research is also essential. With roots in experimental psychology, I-O psychology has a number of different sub-areas such as human-computer interaction, personnel psychology, and human factors.
According to Muchinsky's book, Psychology Applied to Work: An Introduction to Industrial and Organizational Psychologymost industrial-organizational psychologists work in one of six major subject areas:. Here are some of the specific topics addressed by industrial-organizational psychology experts:.
There have been several prominent figures in the field of IO Psychology, including:. Interest in industrial-organizational psychology careers has grown. The U. Bureau of Labor Statistics predicted that I-O psychology would be one of the fastest-growing careers, and wages have been rising over 10 percent per year.
As with other specialty areas, wages vary depending upon a variety of factors including geographic location, educational background, the area of employment, and years of experience in the field. Individuals with a master's or doctorate degree also command higher yearly salaries. In general, those in large urban areas will find more employment opportunities as well as higher wages, although such benefits are often accompanied by a higher cost of living.
Department of Labor reports that wages also vary considerably depending upon the industry in which industrial-organizational psychologists are employed. The mean annual wage for various industries is as follows:. Students who are interested in applying psychological principles to real-world setting should consider industrial-organizational psychology.
If you what is an industrial psychologist a strong interest in psychology as well as related subjects such as product design, computers, statistics, and engineering, this may be the ideal field for you. Ever wonder what your personality type means? Sign up to find out more in our Healthy Mind newsletter.
Muchinsky PM. Thomson Wadsworth; Bureau of Labor Statistics. Industrial-Organizational Psychologists. Occupational Employment Statistics. Your Privacy Rights.
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What does an Industrial Organizational Psychologist do?
Aug 01, · What is an industrial psychologist? An industrial psychologist applies psychological theory to an organisation, rather than an individual. Specifically, they look at how employees within the organisation relate to their work environment. Companies in turn can recruit industrial psychologists to help them improve productivity by creating a more efficient workplace environment. Industrial organizational psychology is an area of psychology that focuses on studying people in their working environment. The role can also involve focusing on workplace dynamics and organizational structures. Through the use of industrial organizational psychologists, workplaces can improve the success of their organization. Nov 26, · Industrial-organizational psychology is the branch of psychology that applies psychological theories and principles to organizations. Often referred to as I-O psychology, this field focuses on increasing workplace productivity and related issues such as the physical and mental well-being of employees.
Apply Now. Just as sports psychologists can grant athletes a competitive edge, so can industrial psychologists be of benefit to business organisations. Just as many sports teams look to sports psychologists to grant them a competitive edge, so will any forward-thinking company with a coherent business strategy in place be interested in the potential of psychology to boost employee performance.
An industrial psychologist applies psychological theory to an organisation, rather than an individual. Specifically, they look at how employees within the organisation relate to their work environment. Companies in turn can recruit industrial psychologists to help them improve productivity by creating a more efficient workplace environment. The role of the industrial psychologist may seem similar to that of a business or executive coach ; in that they are hired by companies to improve productivity throughout the organisation, by focusing on the smaller parts that make up the whole.
One fundamental difference, however, is that an industrial psychologist focuses on employee satisfaction and motivation, whereas professional coaches focus on developing leadership and management skills. One could say that industrial psychologists are employee-focused, while executive and business coaches are leadership-focused. Aside from having a promising future in this increasingly competitive business landscape, industrial psychology is a profession that allows for a unique combination of skill sets; including motivational skills, strategy and engineering.
As such, it is perfectly suited to individuals with a diverse range of interests, and a willingness to explore the boundaries of what the psychology profession is capable of. For more information on becoming an industrial psychologist, as well as other psychology programmes at SACAP that can serve as a route into the psychology profession, enquire now.
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Aug 01, What is an industrial psychologist? Industrial psychologists can then help companies develop effective training programmes. Employee selection , where the focus is on helping the company optimise their recruitment procedures, for example, by developing effective screening tests.
Ergonomics , where the focus is on the layout of the office environment, which can impact employees on a psychological as well as physical level. Psychologists can recommend improvements that will reduce work stress. Performance management , where the focus is on developing methods for measuring employee performance levels. Work life , where the aim is to improve productivity by improving the quality of life for employees in the workplace. Organisational development , where the focus is on the structure of the organisation as a whole, with psychologists advising companies on how to improve productivity through restructure and redesign.
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