Maps of Ukraine
Feb 24, · Ukraine is an Eastern European country. It is situated both in the Northern and Eastern hemispheres of the earth. Ukraine is bordered by 7 European Nations: by Belarus in the north; by Hungary, Slovakia and Poland in the west; by Moldova and Romania in the southwest; and by Russia in the east and northeast. Ukraine Maps & Facts - World Atlas.
Its longest headstream Breg rises in Furtwangen im Schwarzwaldwhile the river carries its name from its source confluence in Donaueschingen onwards.
The Danube was once a long-standing frontier of the Roman Empire and today is the river running through the largest number of countries in the world 10; the Nile is second with 9. Its drainage basin extends into nine more countries. The largest cities on the river are ViennaBudapestBelgrade and Bratislavaall of which are the capitals of their respective countries.
The fourth-largest city in its basin is Munichthe capital of Bavariastanding on the Isar River. The Danube river basin is home to fish species such as pikezanderhuchenWels catfishburbot and what hemisphere is ukraine located in. It what hemisphere is ukraine located in also home to a large diversity of carp and sturgeonas how to checkmate in 2 moves as salmon and trout.
A few species of euryhaline fish, such as European seabassmulletand eelinhabit the Danube Delta and the lower portion of the river. Since ancient times, the Danube has been a traditional trade route in Europe. Today, 2, km 1, mi of its total length are navigable. The river is also an important source of hydropower and drinking water. The Thraco- How long to enter ketosis water fast name was Matoas "the bringer of luck".
In Avestanthe same word means "river". The Finnish word for Danube is Tonavawhich is most likely derived from the word for the river in GermanDonau. The Latin name is masculine, as are all its Slavic names, except Slovenian the name of the Rhine is also masculine in Latin, most of the Slavic languages, as well as in German. Classified as an international waterwayit originates in the town of Donaueschingenin the Black Forest of Germanyat the confluence of the rivers Brigach and Breg.
The Danube then flows southeast for about 2, km 1, mipassing through four capital cities ViennaBratislavaBudapestand Belgrade before emptying into the Black Sea via the Danube Delta in Romania and Ukraine. Once a long-standing frontier of the Roman Empirethe river passes through or touches the borders of 10 countries: Romania In addition to the bordering countries see abovethe drainage basin includes parts of nine more countries: Bosnia and Herzegovina 4.
The land drained by the Danube extends into many other countries. Many Danubian tributaries are important rivers in their own right, navigable by barges and other shallow-draught boats. From its source to its outlet into the Black Sea, its main tributaries are as they enter :. Tisza Sava entering at Belgrade Great Morava Mlava Jiu entering at Bechet Iskar entering near Gigen Osam entering near Nikopol, Bulgaria Yantra river entering near Svishtov The Danube flows through many cities, including four national capitals shown below in boldmore than any other river in the world.
Ordered from the source to the mouth they are:. About 60 of its tributaries are also navigable. In the Danube was declared one of ten Pan-European transport corridorsroutes in Central and Eastern Europe that required major investment over the following ten to fifteen years. The amount of goods transported on the Danube increased to about million tons in Clearance of the resulting debris was completed inand a temporary pontoon bridge that hampered navigation was removed in In —12, shipping companies especially from Ukraine claimed that their vessels suffered from "regular pirate attacks ", on the Serbian and Romanian stretches of the Danube.
On the other hand, media reports say the crews on transport ships often steal and sell their own cargo and then blame the plundering on "pirates", and the alleged attacks are not piracy but small-time contraband theft that is taking place along the river. The trading practices were legal along the river, since Romania and Bulgaria joined the What hemisphere is ukraine located in in and Romania became European border with Ukraine and Serbia.
The greater part of the Danube Delta lies in Romania Tulcea countywhile its northern part, on the left bank of the Chilia arm, is situated in Ukraine Odessa Oblast. The approximate surface is 4, km 2 1, sq miof which 3, km 2 1, sq mi are in Romania. If one includes the lagoons of Razim-Sinoe 1, km 2 sq mi of which km 2 sq mi water surfacewhich are located south of the delta proper, but are related to it geologically and ecologically their combined territory is part of the World Heritage Sitethe total area of the Danube Delta reaches 5, km 2 1, sq mi.
Its lakes and marshes support 45 freshwater fish species. Its wetlands support vast flocks of migratory birds of over species, including the endangered pygmy cormorant Phalacrocorax pygmaeus. These are threatened by rival canalization and drainage schemes such as the Bystroye Canal. The commission, established indeals with the whole Danube river basin, which includes tributaries and the groundwater resources. Its goal is to implement the Danube River Protection Convention by promoting and coordinating sustainable and equitable water management, including conservation, improvement and rational use of waters and the implementation of the EU Water Framework Directive.
How to design graphic t shirts Danube Commission is concerned with the maintenance and improvement of the river's navigation conditions. It was established in by seven countries bordering the river.
It also convenes groups of experts to consider items provided for in the commission's working plans. The commission dates to the Paris Conferences of andwhich established for the first time an international regime to safeguard free navigation on the Danube.
Today the Commission include riparian and non-riparian states. Although the headwaters of the Danube are relatively small today, geologically, the Danube is much older than the Rhinewith which its catchment area competes in today's southern Germany. This has a few interesting geological complications. Since the Rhine is the only river rising in the Alps mountains which flows north towards the North Sea, an invisible line beginning at Piz Lunghin divides large parts of southern Germany, which is sometimes referred to as the European Watershed.
Before the last ice age in the Pleistocenethe Rhine started at the southwestern tip of the Black Forest, while the waters from the Alps that today feed the Rhine were carried east by the so-called Urdonau original Danube.
Parts of this ancient river's bed, which was much larger than today's Danube, can still be seen in now waterless canyons in today's landscape of the Swabian Alb. After the Upper Rhine valley had been eroded, most waters from the Alps changed their direction and began feeding the Rhine. Today's upper Danube is but a meek reflection of the ancient one. Since how to critique a photo example Swabian Alb is largely shaped of porous limestoneand since the Rhine's level is much lower than the Danube's, today subsurface rivers carry much water from the Danube to the Rhine.
On many days in the summer, when the Danube carries little water, it completely oozes away noisily into these underground channels at two locations in the Swabian Alb, which are referred to as the Donauversickerung Danube Sink. The European Water Divide applies only for those waters that pass beyond this point, and only during the days of the year when the Danube carries enough water to survive the sink holes in the Donauversickerung.
Since such large volumes of underground water erode much of the surrounding limestone, it is estimated that the Danube upper course will one day disappear entirely in favor of the Rhine, an event called stream capturing.
The Danube basin was the site of some of the earliest human cultures. Darius the Greatking of Persiacrossed the river in the late 6th century BC to invade How to create an if function in excel Scythia and to subdue the Scythians.
Alexander the Great defeated the Triballian king Syrmus and the northern barbarian Thracian and Illyrian tribes by advancing from Macedonia as far as the Danube in BC.
Under the Romans the Danube formed the border of the Empire with the tribes to the north almost from its source to its mouth. At the same time it was a route for the transport of troops and the supply of settlements downstream. From AD 37 to the reign of the Emperor Valentinian I — the Danubian Limes was the northeastern border of the Empire, with occasional interruptions such how to prevent pubic ingrown hairs the fall of the Danubian Limes in The crossing of the Danube into Dacia was achieved by the Imperium Romanumfirst in two battles in and then in after the construction of a bridge in near the garrison town of Drobeta at the Iron Gate.
This victory over Dacia under Decebalus enabled the Province of Dacia to be created, but in it was lost again. Avars used the river as their southeastern border in the 6th century.
A look upstream from the Donauinsel in Vienna, Austria during an unusually cold winter February A frozen Danube usually occurs just once or twice in a lifetime. Bratislava does not usually suffer major floods, but the Danube sometimes overflows its right bank.
Hecateus Abderitas refers to Apollo's island from the region of the Hyperboreans, in the Okeanos. It was on Leuke, in one version of his legend, that the hero Achilles was buried to this day, one of the mouths of the Danube what hemisphere is ukraine located in called Chilia.
Old Romanian folk songs recount a white monastery on a white island with nine priests. Many of the Ottoman—Hungarian Wars — and Ottoman—Habsburg wars — were fought along the river. Along its course, the Danube is a source of drinking water for about 20 million people.
Other cities such as Ulm and Passau also use some water from the Danube. In Austria and Hungary, most water is drawn from ground and spring sources, and only in rare cases is water from the Danube used.
Most states also find it too difficult to clean the water because of extensive pollution; only parts of Romania where the water is cleaner still obtain drinking water from the Danube on a regular basis. In the 19th century, the Danube was an important waterway but was, as The Times of London put it, "annually swept by ice that will lift a large ship out of the water or cut her in two as if she were a carrot. The Danube has been partly canalized in Germany 5 locks and Austria 10 locks.
Proposals to build a number of new locks to improve navigation have not progressed, due in part to environmental concerns. These locks have larger dimensions. Downstream of the Iron Gate, the river is free flowing all the way to the Black Sea, a distance of more than kilometres mi. Apart from a couple of secondary navigable branches, the only major navigable rivers linked to the Danube are the DravaSava and Tisa.
In Serbia, a canal network also connects to the river; the network, known as the Danube—Tisa—Danube Canalslinks sections downstream. In the Austrian and German sections of the Danube, a type of flat-bottomed boat called a Zille was developed for use along the river.
Zillen are still used today for fishing, ferrying, and other transport of goods and people in this area. The importance of fishing on the Danube, which was critical in the Middle Ageshas declined dramatically. Some fishermen are still active at certain points on the river, and the Danube Delta still has an important industry.
However, some of the river's resources have been managed in an environmentally unsustainable manner in the past, leading to damage by pollution, alterations to the channel and major infrastructure development, including large hydropower dams. The sturgeon stocks associated with the Danube River basin have, over the centuries, formed the basis of a large and significant commercial fishery, renowned throughout the world.
The construction of the dams, beside overfishing and river pollution has a significant role over sturgeon population decline because create a barrier for fish migratory species that usually spawn in the upper parts of the river. The initial design of these dams has not included any fish passage facility. The Upper Danube ecoregion alone has about 60 fish species and the Lower Danube— Dniester ecoregion has about twice as many.
Is Canada in the northern hemisphere or the southern hemisphere?
The GPS coordinates of Ukraine are made up of two points: the latitudinal coordinate and the longitudinal coordinate. Ukraine’s latitude is ° N, and the country’s longitude is ° E. These points show that Ukraine is located in the northern hemisphere and above the equator. Ukraine is also found in the eastern hemisphere. Ukraine is located at latitude and longitude It is part of Europe and the northern hemisphere. Ukraine is in the northern hemisphere. It is located in Europe. The Black Sea is south of Ukraine. Neighbor countries are Belarus, Hungary, Moldova Poland, Romania, Russia and Slovakia. To find more information about Ukraine go to: bothofcosplay.us Scroll down to find CultureGrams; Click on Wold edition; Click the continent where Ukraine is.
Volga has a length of 3, km 2, mi , and a catchment area of 1,, km 2 , sq mi. It is widely regarded as the national river of Russia. The river flows in Russia through forests , forest-steppes and steppes. Four of the ten largest cities of Russia , including the nation's capital, Moscow , are located in the Volga's drainage basin.
Some of the largest reservoirs in the world are located along the Volga. The Turkic peoples living along the river formerly referred to it as Itil or Atil.
Perhaps this form has a connection with the hydronym Irtesh. The Turkic peoples associated the Itil's origin with the Kama. Formerly, they called the river Volgydo , a borrowing from Old East Slavic. The Volga is the longest river in Europe , and its catchment area is almost entirely inside Russia , though the longest river in Russia is the Ob — Irtysh river system.
From there it turns south, flows past Ulyanovsk , Tolyatti , Samara , Saratov and Volgograd , and discharges into the Caspian Sea below Astrakhan at 28 meters 92 ft below sea level. Volgograd, formerly Stalingrad, is located there. The Volga has many tributaries , most importantly the rivers Kama , the Oka , the Vetluga , and the Sura. The Volga and its tributaries form the Volga river system, which flows through an area of about 1,, square kilometres , square miles in the most heavily populated part of Russia.
The largest estuary in Europe, it is the only place in Russia where pelicans , flamingos , and lotuses may be found. The Volga drains most of Western Russia. Its many large reservoirs provide irrigation and hydroelectric power. High levels of chemical pollution have adversely affected the river and its habitats. The fertile river valley provides large quantities of wheat , and also has many mineral riches. A substantial petroleum industry centers on the Volga valley.
Other resources include natural gas , salt , and potash. The Volga Delta and the Caspian Sea are fishing grounds. Astrakhan , at the delta, is the center of the caviar industry. A number of large hydroelectric reservoirs were constructed on the Volga during the Soviet era.
They are:. The Volga- Oka region has been occupied for at least 9, years, and supported a bone and antler industry for producing bone arrowheads, spearheads, lanceheads, daggers, hunters knives, and awls. The makers also used local quartz, and imported flints.
He calls it the Rha , which was the Scythian name for the river. Ptolemy believed the Don and the Volga shared the same upper branch, which flowed from the Hyperborean Mountains.
Between 2nd and 5th centuries Baltic people were very widespread in today's European Russia. Baltic people were widespread from Sozh River till today's Moscow and covered much of today's Central Russia and intermingled with the East Slavs.
The Vyatichis were originally concentrated on the Oka river. In late 8th century the Russian state Russkiy Kaganate is recorded in different Northern and Oriental sources. The Volga was one of the main rivers of the Rus' Khaganates culture.
Subsequently, the river basin played an important role in the movements of peoples from Asia to Europe. A powerful polity of Volga Bulgaria once flourished where the Kama joins the Volga, while Khazaria controlled the lower stretches of the river.
Such Volga cities as Atil , Saqsin , or Sarai were among the largest in the medieval world. From 6th till 8th century the Alans settled in the Middle Volga region and in the steppes of Russia's southern region in the Pontic—Caspian steppe. Khazars were replaced by Kipchaks , Kimeks and Mongols , who founded the Golden Horde in the lower reaches of the Volga.
Later their empire divided into the Khanate of Kazan and Khanate of Astrakhan , both of which were conquered by the Russians in the course of the 16th century Russo-Kazan Wars.
The Russian people's deep feeling for the Volga echoes in national culture and literature, starting from the 12th-century Lay of Igor's Campaign. Construction of Soviet Union -era dams often involved enforced resettlement of huge numbers of people, as well as destruction of their historical heritage.
For instance, the town of Mologa was flooded for the purpose of constructing the Rybinsk Reservoir then the largest artificial lake in the world. The construction of the Uglich Reservoir caused the flooding of several monasteries with buildings dating from the 15th and 16th centuries. In such cases the ecological and cultural damage often outbalanced any economic advantage.
During the Russian Civil War , both sides fielded warships on the Volga. During World War II, the city on the big bend of the Volga, currently known as Volgograd , witnessed the Battle of Stalingrad , possibly the bloodiest battle in human history, in which the Soviet Union and the German forces were deadlocked in a stalemate battle for access to the river.
The Volga was and still is a vital transport route between central Russia and the Caspian Sea, which provides access to the oil fields of the Apsheron Peninsula. Hitler planned to use access to the oil fields of Azerbaijan to fuel future German conquests.
Apart from that, whoever held both sides of the river could move forces across the river, to defeat the enemy's fortifications beyond the river. At the same time, Germany could permanently deny this transport route by the Soviet Union, hampering its access to oil and to supplies via the Persian Corridor.
For this reason, many amphibious military assaults were brought about in an attempt to remove the other side from the banks of the river. In these battles, the Soviet Union was the main offensive side, while the German troops used a more defensive stance, though much of the fighting was close quarters combat , with no clear offensive or defensive side.
Many different ethnicities lived on the Volga river. Numerous were the Eastern Slavic Vyatchi tribes which took a decisive role in the development of modern Russians.
Where the Volga flows through the steppes the area was also inhabited by the Iranian people of the Sarmatians from BC. Slavs from Kievan Rus' brought Christianity to the upper Volga, and a portion of non-Slavic local people adopted Christianity and gradually became East Slavs. The remainder of the Mari people migrated to the east far inland. In the course of several centuries the Slavs assimilated the indigenous Finnic populations, such as the Merya and Meshchera peoples.
Also Khazar and Bulgar peoples inhabited the upper, middle and lower of the Volga River basin. Apart from the Huns , the earliest Turkic tribes arrived in the 7th century and assimilated some Finnic and Indo-European population on the middle and lower Volga.
The Muslim Tatars are descendants of the population of medieval Volga Bulgaria. Another Turkic group, the Nogais , formerly inhabited the lower Volga steppes. The Volga region is home to a German minority group, the Volga Germans. Catherine the Great had issued a Manifesto in inviting all foreigners to come and populate the region, offering them numerous incentives to do so. The Volga, widened for navigation purposes with construction of huge dams during the years of Joseph Stalin 's industrialization , is of great importance to inland shipping and transport in Russia: all the dams in the river have been equipped with large double ship locks , so that vessels of considerable dimensions can travel from the Caspian Sea almost to the upstream end of the river.
A number of formerly state-run, now mostly privatized, companies operate passenger and cargo vessels on the river; Volgotanker , with over petroleum tankers , is one of them. In the later Soviet era , up to the modern times, grain and oil have been among the largest cargo exports transported on the Volga. The increasing contacts between the European Union and Russia have led to new policies with regard to the access to the Russian inland waterways. It is expected that vessels of other nations will be allowed on Russian rivers soon.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Redirected from Volga River. River in Russia; the longest river in Europe. For other uses, see Volga disambiguation.
Main articles: Battle of Stalingrad and Kazan Operation. View of the river and Volgograd from space. Natural Wonders of the World. ISBN Grand strategy of the byzantine empire. Belknap Harvard. OCLC American Journal of Archaeology. ISSN The Volga river. Philadelphia: Chelsea House Publishers. Adams, Encyclopedia of Indo-European Culture , s. Index of Words in Different Languages Vol.
Paris: Editions Errance, Brief Historical and etymological dictionary of the Tatar language. Early Mesolithic bone arrowheads from the Volga-Oka interfluve, central Russia. Archived PDF from the original on Retrieved Archived from the original on Nicolle, David. London: Bloomsbury Publishing Plc.
Meteologix - bookmark this page. Archived from the original Microsoft FrontPage Quoted from: Paul R. Island Press,